FAQ’s About Joint Replacement Surgeries:
How do I know that I need Knee or Hip replacement surgery?
Damage to the knee or hip joint can result from various reasons but the most common cause is arthritis. If your knee or hip has been severely damaged by arthritis or injury, simple activities such as walking or getting in and out of a chair may be painful and difficult for you. Going up and down the stairs may become impossible and you may even feel uncomfortable while resting. Medication may control your pain for a short while but long-term use of pain-killers can damage your stomach or kidneys. You may therefore be advised total knee/hip replacement operation. But it is a major operation which should not be undertaken lightly. Your consultants will advice you about the likely benefits of surgery. Before making that decision you should be sure that your expectations about its outcome are realistic and that you understand the benefits and risks associated with surgery.
What benefits do I expect from Knee or Hip replacement surgery?
Surgery to replace knee or hip joint can have a dramatic effect on the lifestyle of someone suffering from pain and disability. These replacement surgeries can relieve your pain and help you get back to enjoying normal, everyday activities. Advances in joint replacement surgical techniques and technology have greatly improved the results.
How long can I expect my new joint to last?
It depends on the level of usage and activities. If used sensibly, joint replacements should last more than 15 years. In many patients, it will last their lifetime.
Can both knee operations be done together?
Both knee replacement operations can be done under one anesthesia. The decision whether to do so depends on medical fitness.
How long do I have to stay in Hospital?
It depends on the complexity of the operation and your recovery. Patient with single knee replacement can go home in 2-3 days while those undergoing one stage bilateral knee replacements can go home in 3 to 5 days.
When can I start walking after operation?
Generally, you can get out of bed on the day of surgery or the next day. You will be assisted by a Physiotherapist. Mostly knee bending is started immediately after that. As soon as you regain muscle strength, you can take a few steps with support of a walker. Later you can take short walks. If your progress is quick, you can start climbing stairs by third or fourth day.
Can someone with high blood pressure, diabetes or asthma undergo joint replacement?
Patients with these medical conditions can safely undergo joint replacement operation. These conditions need to be controlled well with medication prior to surgery.
What are the limitations after knee joint replacement operation?
Indian customs of cross leg sitting and squatting are avoided after surgery. You need to use a commode or a toilet chair. Activities like swimming, walking are encouraged but running, jumping and other heavy physical activities are discouraged.